Pigweed can grow 3 inches a day. University of Arkansas/Associated Press

The Environmental Protection Agency is weighing an emergency request by Texas regulators to allow cotton farmers to deploy a controversial herbicide, marking a new front in the war on “super weeds” that has divided agricultural groups and environmentalists.

The Texas Department of Agriculture asked the EPA last month for an exemption to permit growers to douse fields this summer with propazine—a chemical little-used in U.S. agriculture—to control an invasive plant known as palmer amaranth, or pigweed.

Pigweed, which can grow 3 inches a day, is one of several nasty invaders that have developed resistance to the nation’s dominant weed killer, glyphosate, which is widely sold by Monsanto Co. as Roundup.

Texas, at the behest of the state’s cotton growers, is asking the EPA to let farmers spray propazine, the active ingredient in the herbicide Milo-Pro, on up to 3 million acres, or nearly half of the state’s estimated cotton acreage this season. The Lone Star state is the nation’s largest cotton producer, accounting for 33% of last year’s crop, which was valued at $5.2 billion, according to the U.S. Agriculture Department.

The Center for Food Safety, a nonprofit advocacy group, and other environmental watchdogs oppose the proposal on the grounds that propazine poses potential risks to human health. Propazine has been identified by the EPA as a possible human carcinogen and is a restricted-use pesticide requiring a license to purchase and apply, according to Milo-Pro’s manufacturer.

Propazine is closely related to atrazine, a herbicide used by many corn growers that is banned in the European Union. Critics of the sister herbicide cite studies indicating it can interrupt sexual reproduction in frogs, and result in potential human reproductive problems.

The EPA says that propazine’s similarity to atrazine suggests it may cause disruptions to hormonal systems in rats, and has the potential to leach into groundwater or reach surface waters by runoff.

Milo-Pro, produced by Iowa-based Albaugh Inc., is currently approved by the EPA only for use on grain sorghum crops in Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Colorado and Kansas, according to Jim Musser, a sales manager for the company.

Originally registered in the 1950s, propazine’s EPA registration was cancelled in 1988 due to failure of chemical companies to provide data for a groundwater monitoring study, but a new registration was issued a decade later.

“We’ve been selling Milo-Pro for the past five seasons and we’ve had no issues with groundwater or surface water after conducting the required testing,” said Mr. Musser. “It’s further down the molecular chain than atrazine and is used on far less acres.”

The EPA began seeking public comment on the request Wednesday and typically rules on emergency exemptions within 50 days. The EPA declined to comment on the request.

“Pigweed is a really serious problem for farmers,” said Bill Freese, science policy analyst at the Center for Food Safety. “But propazine is not the solution. We need to have farm practices that don’t create resistant weeds in the first place, so we don’t have to resort to toxic herbicides to treat them.”

U.S. farmers have had some success in controlling pigweed using a growing arsenal of herbicides, but Texas’s proposal underscores the challenge farmers face in keeping the weed from strangling their crops.

“Weed resistance is of utmost concern for us,” said Ned Meister, director of regulatory activities for the Texas Farm Bureau. “The purpose of the request is to put another tool in the toolbox for farmers to address weeds that are resistant to other chemicals.”

Farmers for a decade have been fighting weeds that have developed resistance to glyphosate, especially in the South, where a longer growing season and warm climate have made it the battle’s front line.

St. Louis-based Monsanto revolutionized the pesticide business in the mid-1990s when it began selling genetically modified seeds, some of which were altered to withstand sprays of glyphosate, which kills plants by halting their internal protein production. Farmers embraced Monsanto’s Roundup, which could destroy many weeds while leaving crops unscathed. But they increasingly have used herbicides considered harsher than glyphosate in recent years, including the chemicals 2, 4-D and dicamba, to fight the super weeds.

Besides chemicals, farmers can try to stem pigweed’s growth by rotating crops each year, planting cover crops and hand weeding. But finding labor for weeding nowadays is tough, according to cotton farmers.

“One pigweed plant can produce thousands of seeds, so it doesn’t take many plants to get you in trouble in a hurry,” said Walt Hagood, a third-generation farmer who grows cotton, grain sorghum, wheat and other crops near Lubbock, Texas. “In some places, pigweed is starting to take whole fields.”

—By Jesse Newman and Tony C. Dreibus via. The Wall Street Journal


Cotton Bale
Things that they can do with one 500lb bale of cotton

Did you Know That One 500 lb. Bale of Cotton Can Make:

215 Pair of Jeans

249 Bed Sheets

409 Men’s Sport Shirts

690 Terry Bath Towels

765 Men’s Dress Shirts

1,217 Men’s T-Shirts

1,256 Pillow Cases

2,104 Boxer Shorts

2,419 Men’s Briefs

3,085 Diapers

4,321 Mid-Calf Socks

6,436 Women’s Knit Briefs

21,960 Hankerchiefs

313,600 $100 Bills


Keywords: Cotton Texas

TX NM Rain

Wednesday storms flooding parts of eastern New Mexico and the western Texas Panhandle brought rain and a little lightning to Amarillo, National Weather Service meteorologists said.

“It sort of started to fizzle out pretty much starting with the rising sun,” NWS meteorologist Andrew Moulton said. The scattered showers and thunderstorms were gone by 3 p.m.

Moulton said most of the rain fell west of Amarillo, in areas including Hereford, Bootleg and the New Mexico state line.

Meteorologists recorded more than an inch of rain 15 miles northwest of Amarillo, while they measured .03 of an inch in the city.

By 7 p.m. Wednesday, Borger recorded .2 of an inch, Childress had .27 of an inch, Dalhart had .09, Dumas had .02, Hereford had .97 and Guymon had .07 of an inch.

Widespread flooding was reported in Clovis, N.M., with some intersections under several inches of water and emergency responders calling travel treacherous.

Curry County was placed under a flood warning, and Albuquerque, N.M., meteorological technician Troy Marshall said areas between Fort Sumner and Clovis reported up to 4.3 inches of rain.

Residents in Parmer County also experienced significant rainfall Wednesday. Lubbock meteorologist Brad Charboneau said gauges near Bovina measured more than 5 inches of rain, and there was 1 to 4 inches “over pretty much the whole county.”

Charboneau said curb-to-curb flooding was reported in Friona, as well as minor flooding of Highway 60 in Bovina, adding most of the heaviest rainfall in that area had stopped by 8 a.m, and the system had broken down some as it moved into eastern Bailey County.

“(We’ve had) a lot of reports of people hydroplaning,” Charboneau said. “We haven’t heard reports of any major accidents.”

Severe weather chances for the Texas Panhandle continue through the week, with a slight chance of rain in the northwest counties on Friday, Independence Day. Mostly sunny skies and a high temperature of 90 are expected, Moulton said.

After Friday, Goehring said, the area will enter a drying phase.

Ladies Unleashed on the Quinlan Ranch!


I’m no stranger to the Quinlan Ranch in Chama New Mexico. This was my 2nd time hunting there and my first trip resulted in a 355 bull! I really felt like apart of the family especially since the Casias family manages it. Mark runs the ranch with the other excellent guides. They call Mark the Elk Whisper because it doesn’t matter what stage the elk hunting is in, he knows the language of the elk. He can sweet talk an elk right to you which is shown during Melissa’s Bow hunt. Melissa is Mark’s wife who does all the other jobs to make sure the Quinlan Ranch is ran smoothly! From time to time you will meet their adorable daughter Sierra who is a little hunter in training!

I was really looking forward to this hunt because besides me getting to chase a bugling elk, Mark was going to allow Melissa and I to beunleashed on the Quinlan Ranch in search of a Mule Deer for Melissa! After getting decked out in SHE safari Camouflage thanks to Bass Pro Shops we quickly went to sight in our rifles! As Mark was driving us back from the range we spotted some mule deer bucks. We let him drop us off so we can take a closer look. Unfortunately the stud of the group walked off and bedded down. We got repositioned and tried to get him to stand up for a shot however once he stood, he took off quickly without presenting a shot. That wasn’t the last opportunity at that buck and we proved that ladies on their own can get it done!

It was great hunting with Melissa because we bonded instantly over our love for the sport and wanting to share it. She is passing on her passion to her daughter, which she brings on her hunts as her sidekick. It became time for us to chase an elk for me with Mark as our caller and we heard a deep bugle in the distance. We set up with Mark calling behind us and this elk’s bugle kept getting louder. It was the perfect scenario until we got busted by a group of mule deer behind us. They winded us and ran right towards the elk that we had making his way right into our trap!

Back to the drawing board and we needed to figure something out before the bad weather moved in that was on its way! However, the Quinlan Ranch never disappoints and we ended the trip enjoying some delicious elk burgers that tasted like success!

Watch this episode airing now on the Sportsman Channel Sunday at 12:30pm, Wednesday at 4pm and Fridays at 9:30am eastern standard times.
Will Re-air the week starting June 8th 2014.


For more information on the Quinlan Ranch – Visit our website at www.chassmiddleton.com





Interested in an elk or mule deer hunt? Check out www.QuinlanRanch.com
Want to follow more of Larysa Switlyk’s adventures? Check out www.LarysaUnleashed.com

Eva Shockey elk hunting on the Quinlan Ranch

Eva Shockey elk hunting on the Quinlan Ranch

Steve West on the Quinlan Ranch – Elk Hunting!

  • Area: Chama, New Mexico
  • Price: $41,791,300
  • Size: 16,716.52 Acres

Watch this awesome video of Steve West from Steve’s Outdoor Adventures! Exceptional elk hunting on the Quinlan Ranch, which has a resident elk herd and is in the path of one of the largest elk migrations in the country!

More Information on the QUINLAN RANCH


The Miller’s Creek Ranch is located in Haskell County, TX. The property contains 648.62 acres and has been improved by two cabins, new exterior and interior fence and several hunting blinds with feeders. Miller’s Creek is a seasonal creek that is lined with mature hardwoods. Aside from the creek, there are four large dirt tanks located throughout the property. The property has been set up thoughtfully and is ready to use and enjoy. Whitetail deer are numerous in this area as are turkey and feral hogs. Migratory bird hunting is generally excellent.

For More Information Click Here

For more information contact:
Charlie Middleton
Chas. S. Middleton and Son


The Miller’s Creek Ranch is located in Haskell County, TX. The property contains 648.62 acres and has been improved by two cabins, new exterior and interior fence and several hunting blinds with feeders. Miller’s Creek is a seasonal creek that is lined with mature hardwoods. Aside from the creek, there are four large dirt tanks located throughout the property. The property has been set up thoughtfully and is ready to use and enjoy. Whitetail deer are numerous in this area as are turkey and feral hogs. Migratory bird hunting is generally excellent.

For More Information Click Here

For more information contact:
Charlie Middleton
Chas. S. Middleton and Son

Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association

TSCRA Summer Meeting
June 9-11, 2014 Arlington, Texas


Summer Meeting an Opportunity for Learning and Playing

Batter up!! TSCRA’s Summer Membership Meeting will take place in Arlington, where attendees will be able to mix pleasure and business.

Information sessions and committee business will provide attendees with the latest information on issues impacting their ranching businesses. On Tuesday night, enjoy the Texas Rangers Hall of Fame and take in a baseball game against the Miami Marlins.

Families are welcome; the hotel is located next door to Six Flags Over Texas, Hurricane Harbor and many more local attractions such as ice skating, shopping, golf and more.

Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association


Texas Big Game Awards
2014 Regional Banquet Schedule

Region 1, 2, 3
June 7 – Lubbock, TX
Four Bar K
302 E. 82nd


Region 5, 6, 7
June 28 – Brenham, TX
Fireman’s Training Center
1101 Hwy 290 West


Region 4 & 8
August 9 – Kerrville, TX
Y.O. Ranch Hotel & Conf. Center
2033 Sidney Baker

Congratulations to all of the contestants from Chas. S. Middleton and Son!



Current Inventory of Ranches For Sale with Minerals
New Mexico Hunting Ranch For SaleQuinlan Ranch in Northern New Mexico
16,716.52 Acres – $41,791,300
Chama, New Mexico
Offers exceptional elk and deer hunting

Lower L Bar Ranch 025Lower L Bar Ranch
36,460.2 Acres – $20,000,000
Laguna, New Mexico
Offers exceptional elk and deer hunting

IMG_2169Phelps Ranch
12,788.47 Acres – $4,284,137
Muleshoe, Texas
Offers exceptional value for livestock grazing

IMG_2089Salt Creek Ranch
1,490 Acres – $1,169,650
Jayton, Texas
Offers great whitetail deer hunting
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